The outlaw group was formed at the beginning of the second era after Alester Targaryen heard of the death of King Harys Baratheon during the battle of the Kingswood.
Since then bodies of Lannister soldiers and Lannister loyalists had been appearing in the area around Maidenpool. Each one bearing the mark of a hand burned into their skin, thus the title "Burning Hand's Men".
During the white walker attacks in the Riverlands a small group of Burning Hand's Men took Lord Jojen Stark, the Lord Paramount of the North, captive in an attempt to earn gold for his release. While doing so they were attacked by wights, and many of them were killed.
Because of the presence of wights and crown soldiers throughout the Riverlands and near Maidenpool the outlaws were forced west where they set up camp at the Oldstones.
The Burning Hand's men were attacked at Oldstone by Lannister soliders led by Arthur Swyft, and nearly all of them were captured or killed.
Alester Targaryen, the Burning Hand: The current leader of the outlaws
Tyrek Hill, sometimes referred to as Sand
Squint: killed by wights
Dirk: killed by wights
Lister: killed by wights
Ben, also referred to as Tanglefoot: killed by Lannister men